Yes, an individual thrives on carbohydrates which no one can deny. Chapati and rice are a major source of carbohydrate for most Indians.
This question has 2 parts which need discussion:
- Rice vs Chapati
- White flour (Maida) vs Whole wheat flour (atta).
Rice vs Chapati
- A 6-inch standard chapati contains 80 Kcal, so 25-gram rice does. So, one can choose an equivalent amount of chapati or rice so long as total calory is concerned.
- However, chapati contains more fibre, so it keeps your tummy full for a longer duration, and carbohydrate absorption is slower, thus reduces postprandial glucose peak in blood.
Maida vs Atta
- Maida is the inner portion of wheat grain whereas wheat flour or atta contains the external husk bran along with the inner part of wheat grain.
- This outer layer has many vitamins, antioxidants, and dietary fiber, which in addition to giving more nutritive values, reduces glycemic index.
- So Atta chapati is better for people with diabetes.
However, one to remember 3 things while recommending chapati:
- Few patients may have gluten sensitivity (more common in Type 1 Diabetes). For them, wheat chapati may cause gastric problems
- Few patients with renal failure, maida is better than atta chapati as maida is lower in phosphorus and potassium.
- Although for most others, atta chapati is safe, it does not mean one can take an unlimited quantity of chapati.
The calory intake from carbohydrates should not exceed one’s daily recommended allowance, which depends on age, sex, level of activity and other health parameters.
Overall, whole wheat chapati in moderation is suitable for most people with diabetes.
However, talk with your Endocrinologist today and discuss which suits you best (Rice or chapati and atta vs maida) and what should be the ideal quantity.